Grand Rapids is the second-largest city in Michigan, and the largest city in West Michigan. It is on the Grand River about 30 miles (48 km) east of Lake Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 188,040. In 2010, the Grand Rapids metropolitan area had a population of 1,005,648, and the combined statistical area of Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland had a population of 1,321,557. Grand Rapids is the county seat of Kent County.

A historic furniture-manufacturing center, Grand Rapids is home to five of the world's leading office furniture companies, and is nicknamed Furniture City. Its more common modern nickname of River City[by whom?] refers to the landmark river for which it was named. The city and surrounding communities are economically diverse, based in the health care, information technology, automotive, aviation, and consumer goods manufacturing industries, among others.

Grand Rapids is the childhood home of U.S. President Gerald Ford, who is buried with his wife Betty on the grounds of the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum in the city.

After the French established territories in Michigan, Jesuit missionaries and traders traveled down Lake Michigan and its tributaries. At the start of the 19th century, European fur traders (mostly French Canadian and Métis) and missionaries established posts in the area among the Ottawa. They generally lived in peace, trading European metal and textile goods for fur pelts.

In 1806, Joseph and his wife Madeline La Framboise, who was Métis, traveled by canoe from Mackinac and established the first trading post in West Michigan in present-day Grand Rapids on the banks of the Grand River, near what is now Ada Township. They were French-speaking and Roman Catholic. They likely both spoke Ottawa, Madeline's maternal ancestral language. After the murder of her husband in 1809 while en route to Grand Rapids, Madeline La Framboise carried on the trade business, expanding fur trading posts to the west and north, creating a good reputation among the American Fur Company. La Framboise, whose mother was Ottawa and father French, later merged her successful operations with the American Fur Company. By 1810, Chief Noonday established a village on the west side of the river with about 500 Ottawa.

Madeline La Framboise retired the trading post to Rix Robinson in 1821 and returned to Mackinac. That year, Grand Rapids was described as being the home of an Ottawa village of about 50 to 60 huts on the west side of the river near the 5th Ward, with Kewkishkam being the village chief and Chief Noonday being the chief of the Ottawa.

Grand Rapids is home to the Van Andel Museum Center. Founded in 1854, it is among the oldest history museums in the United States. The museum's sites currently include its main building, constructed in 1994 on the west bank of the Grand River (home to the Roger B. Chaffee Planetarium); the Voigt House Victorian Museum, and the City Archives and Records Center. The latter held the museum and planetarium prior to 1994. Since the late 20th century, the museum has hosted notable exhibitions, including one on the Dead Sea Scrolls, and The Quest for Immortality: the Treasures of Ancient Egypt. A non-profit institution, it is owned and managed by the Public Museum of Grand Rapids Foundation.

Heritage Hill, a neighborhood directly east of downtown, is one of the largest urban historic districts in the country. The first "neighborhood" of Grand Rapids, its 1,300 homes date from 1848 and represent more than 60 architectural styles. Of particular significance is the Meyer May House, a Prairie-style home designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1908. It was commissioned by local merchant Meyer May, who operated a men's clothing store (May's of Michigan).

Headquartered in Grand Rapids, Spectrum Health is the largest employer in West Michigan, with 25,600 staff and 1,700 physicians in 2017. Spectrum Health's Meijer Heart Center, Lemmen-Holton Cancer Pavilion, and Butterworth Hospital, a level I trauma center, are located on the Grand Rapids Medical Mile, which has world-class facilities focusing on the health sciences. These facilities include the Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Valley State University's Cook-DeVos Center for Health Sciences, and the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine medical school's Secchia Center, along with Ferris State University's College of Pharmacy. Nearly a billion dollars has been invested in the Spectrum Health Cancer Pavilion, the Spectrum Health Helen DeVos Children's Hospital, and the expansion to the Van Andel Institute. These facilities have attracted numerous health science businesses to the area.

Grand Rapids has long been a center for furniture manufacturing. Office furniture manufacturers like American Seating, Steelcase (and its subsidiaries Coalesse and Turnstone), Haworth, and Herman Miller are based in and around the Grand Rapids area. In 1881, the Furniture Manufacturers Association (FMA) was organized in Grand Rapids; making it the first furniture manufacturing advocacy group in the country. The Kindel Furniture Company and the Hekman Furniture Company have been designing and manufacturing furniture in Grand Rapids since 1912 and 1922 respectively.

Grand Rapids is home to several colleges and universities. The private, religious schools: Aquinas College, Calvin College, Cornerstone University, Grace Bible College, and Kuyper College, each have a campus within the city. The seminaries Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids Theological Seminary, and Puritan Reformed Theological Seminary are located in Grand Rapids. Thomas M. Cooley Law School, a private institution, also has a campus in Grand Rapids. Northwood University, a private university with its main campus in Midland, Michigan, has a satellite campus located downtown near the "medical mile." The for-profit vocational school Davenport University, a private, non-profit, multi-location university with 14 campuses statewide, has its main campus just outside Grand Rapids.

As for public tertiary institutions, Grand Rapids Community College (GRCC) maintains a campus downtown and facilities in other parts of the city and surrounding region.

Grand Valley State University, with its main campus located in nearby Allendale, continues to develop its presence downtown by expanding its Pew campus, begun in the 1980s on the west bank of the Grand River. This downtown campus currently consists of 67 acres (27 ha) in two locations and is home to 12 buildings and three leased spaces.

19.6% reported being of Dutch ancestry; 14.9% German, 13.1% English, 7.4% Irish, 7.1% Polish and 5.5% American ancestry according to the 2010 American Community Survey. 90.0% spoke only English at home, while 6.0% spoke Spanish.

There were 212,890 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.20.

The age distribution of the county was as follows:28.30% were under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,980, and the median income for a family was $54,770. Males had a median income of $39,878 versus $27,364 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,629. 8.90% of the population and 6.30% of families were below the poverty line. 10.20% of the population under the age of 18 and 7.50% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.

Kent County has historically been a stronghold of the Republican Party, and usually supports its candidates for local and federal office. It has, however, become more politically competitive in recent years. Most Democratic strength is concentrated in Grand Rapids itself, which usually sends Democrats to the state house and occasionally elects Democratic mayors. The suburbs, however, are some of the most Republican areas in Michigan.

In 2008, Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama narrowly carried the county, receiving 49.34% of its votes to Republican John McCain's 48.83%. It was the first time the county had supported a Democrat for president since 1964, and only the fourth time since 1884. By comparison, George W. Bush had taken almost 59 percent of the county's vote in 2004.

In 2012, the county returned to the Republican camp as Mitt Romney won 53.0% of the vote to Obama's 45.35 % . Four years later, Republican Donald Trump won the county with 47.66% of the vote, to 44.61% for his Democratic rival, Hillary Clinton, while Gary Johnson of the Libertarian Party received 4.58% .

Republican strongholds of the state include rural areas of Western and Northern Michigan, the Grand Rapids metropolitan area, and Livingston County. Areas of Democratic strength include Wayne County, home to Detroit, Washtenaw County (Ann Arbor), Ingham County (Lansing), and Genesee County (Flint). Much of suburban Detroit—which includes parts of Oakland, Macomb, and Wayne counties—is politically competitive between the two parties.

Historically, the first county-level meeting of the Republican Party took place in Jackson on July 6, 1854, and the party thereafter dominated Michigan until the Great Depression. In the 1912 election, Michigan was one of the six states to support progressive Republican and third-party candidate Theodore Roosevelt for president after he lost the Republican nomination to William Howard Taft.

Michigan remained fairly reliably Republican at the presidential level for much of the 20th century. It was part of Greater New England, the northern tier of states settled chiefly by migrants from New England who carried their culture with them. The state was one of only a handful to back Wendell Willkie over Franklin Roosevelt in 1940, and supported Thomas E. Dewey in his losing bid against Harry S. Truman in 1948. Michigan went to the Democrats in presidential elections during the 1960s and voted for the Republican candidate in every election from 1972 to 1988. Between 1992 and 2012 it supported the Democrats; early on in 2016, it was pegged as a swing state, and was narrowly won by the G.O.P. candidate, Donald Trump.

Michigan was the home of Gerald Ford, the 38th President of the United States. Born in Nebraska, he moved as an infant to Grand Rapids. The Gerald R. Ford Museum is in Grand Rapids, and the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library is on the campus of his alma mater, the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

In 1846 Michigan became the first state in the Union, as well as the first English-speaking government in the world, to abolish the death penalty. Historian David Chardavoyne has suggested the movement to abolish capital punishment in Michigan grew as a result of enmity toward the state's neighbor, Canada. Under British rule, it made public executions a regular practice.

The large majority of Michigan's population is Caucasian. Americans of European descent live throughout Michigan and most of Metro Detroit. Large European American groups include those of German, British, Irish, Polish and Belgian ancestry. People of Scandinavian descent, and those of Finnish ancestry, have a notable presence in the Upper Peninsula. Western Michigan is known for the Dutch heritage of many residents (the highest concentration of any state), especially in Holland and metropolitan Grand Rapids.

African-Americans, who came to Detroit and other northern cities in the Great Migration of the early 20th century, form a majority of the population of the city of Detroit and of other cities, including Flint and Benton Harbor.

As of 2007 about 300,000 people in Southeastern Michigan trace their descent from the Middle East. Dearborn has a sizeable Arab community, with many Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac, and Lebanese who immigrated for jobs in the auto industry in the 1920s along with more recent Yemenis and Iraqis.

As of 2007, almost 8,000 Hmong people lived in the State of Michigan, about double their 1999 presence in the state. As of 2007 most lived in northeastern Detroit, but they had been increasingly moving to Pontiac and Warren. By 2015 the number of Hmong in the Detroit city limits had significantly declined. Lansing hosts a statewide Hmong New Year Festival. The Hmong community also had a prominent portrayal in the 2008 film Gran Torino, which was set in Detroit.

Michigan's major-league sports teams include: Detroit Tigers baseball team, Detroit Lions football team, Detroit Red Wings ice hockey team, and the Detroit Pistons men's basketball team. All of Michigan's major league teams play in the Metro Detroit area.

The Pistons played at Detroit's Cobo Arena until 1978 and at the Pontiac Silverdome until 1988 when they moved into The Palace of Auburn Hills. In 2017, the team moved to the newly built Little Caesars Arena in downtown Detroit. The Detroit Lions played at Tiger Stadium in Detroit until 1974, then moved to the Pontiac Silverdome where they played for 27 years between 1975 and 2002 before moving to Ford Field in Detroit in 2002. The Detroit Tigers played at Tiger Stadium (formerly known as Navin Field and Briggs Stadium) from 1912 to 1999. In 2000 they moved to Comerica Park. The Red Wings played at Olympia Stadium before moving to Joe Louis Arena in 1979. They later moved to Little Caesars Arena to join the Pistons as tenants in 2017. Professional hockey got its start in Houghton, when the Portage Lakers were formed.

The Michigan International Speedway is the site of NASCAR races and Detroit was formerly the site of a Formula One World Championship Grand Prix race. From 1959 to 1961, Detroit Dragway hosted the NHRA's U.S. Nationals. Michigan is home to one of the major canoeing marathons: the 120-mile (190 km) Au Sable River Canoe Marathon. The Port Huron to Mackinac Boat Race is also a favorite.

Twenty-time Grand Slam champion Serena Williams was born in Saginaw. The 2011 World Champion for Women's Artistic Gymnastics, Jordyn Wieber is from DeWitt. Wieber was also a member of the gold medal winning team at the London Olympics in 2012.

Collegiate sports in Michigan are popular in addition to professional sports. The state's two largest athletic programs are the Michigan Wolverines and Michigan State Spartans, which play in the NCAA Big Ten Conference. Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, home to the Michigan Wolverines football team, is the largest stadium in the Western Hemisphere and the second-largest stadium worldwide behind Rungrado May Day Stadium in Pyongyang, North Korea.

The Michigan High School Athletic Association features around 300,000 participants.

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rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s t g f v f f a s w e d s x f g f v f s d g f v b g h n h y u j k i o l k i u j m n j h y t g f rt f v d f s y h g t rt f rt e d e w s x f g f v f g t y h g b s d j m j k i u j h y t g b g f rt e d s d f s